What is Grand Prix in F1?

In the world of Formula 1 (F1), Grand Prix (often shortened to GP) refers to an individual race within the F1 World Championship season. These races are held around the world on a variety of tracks, typically purpose-built circuits but also including a few iconic city street courses.

Here’s a breakdown of what a Grand Prix entails:


  • Weekend format: Each Grand Prix lasts three days, starting with practice sessions on Friday, followed by qualifying on Saturday to determine the starting grid, and concluding with the main race on Sunday. Some seasons incorporate sprint races at select Grand Prix events, held on Saturday with a separate qualifying session and affecting the starting grid for the main race.
  • Duration: The main race typically lasts around two hours, with the number of laps varying depending on the track length.


  • Points System: Each Grand Prix awards points to the top-finishing drivers and constructors (teams), contributing to the two annual World Championships: Drivers’ Championship and Constructors’ Championship.
  • Global Spectacle: Grands Prix attract large crowds and TV audiences, making them a significant marketing and financial driver for F1 and the participating teams.


  • Location-based: Grands Prix are usually named after the country, region, or city where they are held. For example, the “Austrian Grand Prix” and the “Monaco Grand Prix.”
  • Multiple races per country: If a country hosts more than one race in a season, they will have different names to distinguish them. For example, in 2023, there were the “Emilia Romagna Grand Prix” and the “Italian Grand Prix” held in Italy.

Overall, Grand Prix events are the heart and soul of Formula 1, showcasing the pinnacle of open-wheel racing technology, driver skill, and team strategy on a global stage.

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