F1 Monocoque is the survival cell designed to protect drivers in the event of a crash or clash on the race track. The term “monocoque” comes from a French word for “single shell”.
Single shell because the entire structural load of the car is supported by an internal framework, and not by a separate frame. The monocoque is made out of carbon fiber reinforced composites which provide super strength with light weight.
This monocoque hosts the engine, the driver, all electrical systems, and the gearbox of an F1 car. In 1981, McLaren was the first team to use carbon fiber made monocoque on track.